High-Resolution Risk-Mapping of Opioid Abuse in Pennsylvania

Authors: Peter Ryan*, Pennsylvania State University
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: drug abuse, health geographies, risk mapping, accessibility modeling
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 4:40 PM / 6:20 PM
Room: Grand Ballroom C, Astor, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This paper presents examines the geographic and sociodemographic characteristics of opiate-abuse in Pennsylvania. The data are used in a gravity model to create a high resolution risk surface for the state, based on an index of sociodemographic risk, and accessibility to medically-assisted treatment facilities, specifically those that have been certified under DATA 2000 to treat opioid addiction using buprenorphine. Accessibility to treatment is modeled in accordance with the treatment procedure, such as the requirement that patients take multiple trips to the facility in the first week of treatment and undergo regular behavioral counseling.
Proper policy responses to the opioid crisis will depend on the efficient allocation of resources and the identification of high risk communities. This research could provide a mechanism for creating higher resolution geographic risk profiles for other states.

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