Identifying U.S. Demographic Enclaves – The Analysis and Quantification of Neighborhood Segregation

Authors: Kyle D. Buck*, Environmental Protection Agency, J. Kevin Summers, US EPA, Lisa M. Smith, US EPA, Linda C. Harwell, US EPA
Topics: Population Geography, Ethnicity and Race
Keywords: enclaves, demographics, community, resilience
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 12:40 PM / 2:20 PM
Room: Napoleon C3, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The presence and distribution of demographic enclaves, or places defined by distinctly different group compositions than surrounding places, are a well-studied occurrence in urban areas of the United States. With the changing composition of cities and surrounding suburban areas, the revisiting of a more expansive identification and analysis of residential segregation is long overdue. Using the framework originally developed by Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton in 1988, this research reconstructs and expands the concept of enclaves to encompass the entire U.S. Census tracts are used as the unit of analysis, with counties serving as the aggregation units. The results are a multi-dimensional index, representing evenness, exposure, concentration, centralization, and clustering. This index represents residential segregation for 6 major demographic characteristics (Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, Middle Eastern/North African, and Non-English Speaking. The index will be used to identify neighborhood-level variations that may contribute to differential outcomes in human well-being and resilience assessments across the U.S.

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