Promoting Geo-Capabilities Through Scenario Based Learning

Authors: Ashley Marie Penir*, California State University, Fresno/Lemoore Middle College High School
Topics: Geography Education
Keywords: geography education, curriculum, geo-capabilites, scenario based learning, problem based learning, pedagogy
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Studio 4, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


An investigation into the creation and use of ninth grade geography curriculum which fostered critical thinking was run to determine if higher level thinking led to increased geo-capabilities. Geo-capabilities are an important skill set, as these components bridge the ability to use this geography knowledge for both problem solving, and, perhaps more importantly, building ethical, global perspectives in students. Scenario based learning activities were developed to create scenarios that coincide with the primary purpose of developing geo-capabilities. The data revealed that, for all three measures of geo-capabilities, students developed strong geo-capabilities, as demonstrated by consistent, positive qualitative student responses and quantitative scores of an average of 4 on a 5 point scale. This could be interpreted as growth in the ability of students to :
1. Identify individual autonomy and freedom, and the ability to use one’s
imagination to be able to think and reason.
2. Identify and exercise one’s choices in how to live based on with regard to
citizenship and sustainability.
3. Understand one’s potential as a creative and productive citizen in the context of
the global economy and culture.
It should be noted that Geo-Capability One showed the strongest growth, which may mean that the scenarios used, appropriately focused on problem based learning which encourages inquiry and required students to effectively apply their knowledge. When students are engaged in higher level thinking with geography content, they are becoming fully invested in the content and are likely to be more effective and ethical in responding to global issues.

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