Spatial optimization modeling for delineating precincts and locating polling places

Authors: Kamyoung Kim*, Kyungpook National University
Topics: Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Social Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems
Keywords: Spatial optimization, Location modeling, GIS
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Studio 8, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The location of polling places and their locational changes incur the traveling and search costs of voters. The accessibility to polling places, therefore, might affect the turnout rate. In addition, to reduce the accessibility gap among voters might provide a more equal opportunity to them. This research discusses how to locate polling places and delineate precincts in term of spatial optimization. Demands are represented at residential building scale using a dasymetric mapping approach. In modeling, equitable accessibility to polling places, workload balance, the possibility of locating multiple polling places at the same building, and the preference to potential facilities from the point of voters as well as election commission are considered.

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