Envisioning Jobs-Housing Balance Research in the Coming Age of Autonomous and Connected Vehicles

Authors: Mark Horner*, Florida State University
Topics: Transportation Geography, Geographic Information Science and Systems, Planning Geography
Keywords: Autonomous Vehicles, Jobs Housing Balance, Commuting, Land Use, Urban Structure
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Oakley, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Researched in various contexts over the past 25+ years, the concept of ‘jobs-housing’ balance stresses the role of land use configuration in journey to work related transportation outcomes. Taken in its simplest form, the idea of a greater mixing of residential and workplace opportunities portends the option for people to make housing and job choices that place them in greater proximity to their workplaces, thereby facilitating shorter commutes. There is one disruptive technology on the horizon that has implications for transportation and land use issues, and specifically, for jobs-housing balance. Assuming the eventual arrival and proliferation of autonomous and connected vehicles, how might the jobs-housing balance of cities, and more broadly, the associated research agenda be impacted? Autonomous vehicles (AV) have dominated transportation discourse for the last few years as people are realizing self-driving cars could be here sooner than previously thought. Although a fully automated vehicle fleet is likely still decades away, we are beginning to see increasingly greater instances of the technology’s roll out. This paper looks at the potentials, opportunities, and challenges for jobs-housing related research in the coming age of autonomous vehicles. The approach taken is to examine five interrelated research themes and challenges that have characterized this literature for the past several decades and to briefly elaborate on the implications of AV for each of them

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