Of Genes and Regulation: Success and Tribulations in Global Mobilities

Authors: Maria Paula Escobar Tello*,
Topics: Cultural Geography
Keywords: antimicrobial resistance, policy mobilities, regulation
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 12:40 PM / 2:20 PM
Room: Studio 10, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The global nature of the challenge posed by antimicrobial resistance, AMR, is undeniable: resistant genes and superbugs know no borders, even in this day and age of new walls and re-enforced frontiers. The use of veterinary medicines is an important risk factor for AMR, more so in low and middle-income countries, where the production and consumption of meat, dairy and eggs has seen a sharp increase. Consequently, the O'Neill report of 2016 considers introducing national targets at a global scale and restrictions on the use of certain antibiotics. Regulation studies have called into question the effectiveness of regulatory measures (Moran 2003; Power 1997), and the literature on regulation diffusion has pointed out the role of capability challenges (Börzel &Rise 2010), context (Kayaalp 2010) and ideology (Martínez-Gallardo & Murillo 2010) in regulation effectiveness in the South. Literature on policy mobilities has also shown how policies and governance instruments travel as assemblages that are then adapted locally, sometimes leading to unexpected outcomes (McCann & Ward 2013). This paper explores how the global concern for AMR and the global regulatory instruments designed to address it have arrived in Colombia and travelled further into the country's legalistic culture in order to illustrate the challenges that regulatory interventions devised in the UK, the WHO and the OIE might face when moving across cultural, legal and institutional geographies.

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