Potential sources of water for local communities in Yankari Game Reserve, Nigeria

Authors: Salamatu Fada*, , Daniel D Dabi, Department of Geography & Planning, University of Jos, Nigeria
Topics: Water Resources and Hydrology, Resources
Keywords: Potential source, Water scarcity, Climate change, Local communities, River and springs, Water availability, accessibility and portability.
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Bourbon Room, Astor, Mezzanine
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This study examines the sources of water supply for local communities around the Yankari Game Reserve in Bauchi State, north-eastern Nigeria. The reserve covers a total land area of 2,244 kmĀ² mostly within the Sudan savanna ecological zone of the country. Data was collected in five local communities (Dagudi, Galen sanji, Jada, Yalo and Pali) in Yankari using field surveys, focus group discussions and questionnaire survey of 122 households. Major findings suggest that the Gaji river has the most potential as the main source of water for domestic uses and animal watering as reported by up to 75% of households surveyed. Other potential sources of water include four warm water springs, the Wikki, Dimmil, Gwan and Nawulgo. The fifth, Tungan Naliki is the only cool spring in the area. The Wikki warm spring is the largest and the only one explored. Unfortunately, local communities around Yankari do not have access to the Wikki spring neither do they have any pipe borne water connection. Rather, they rely on hand dug wells, bore holes and direct rainfall harvesting during the rainy season but suffer adverse water scarcity in the dry season. However, the Gaji river and the Yankari water springs are potential sources of water for these communities. The study recommends further studies on the quantity and quality of water from these sources.

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