Authors: Paula Puskarova*, , Caroline Zickgraf, University of Liege
Keywords: refugee crisis, environmental costs, European Union, asylum seeker, environmental policy
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Oak Alley, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
This paper contributes to the discussion on the possible short-run and medium-run impacts of the current refugee crisis on the environment in the European Union. We assume that the volume of the inflows and possible existence of differences in environmental protection between refugees’ countries of origin and the European Union might lead to certain additional costs for the EU that have not been properly discussed so far. Inter alia we may assume the environmental costs of the refugee camps or effective environmental protection agenda among refugees. First, we summarize the empirical evidence on impacts of immigration on environment. Then we model our situation - the characteristics of the incoming refugees, the differences in environmental protection between countries of refugees’ origin and the EU, the asymmetries of geographical redistribution of refugees across the EU, the volume of the inflows. Then we revert to the current state of environmental degradation alongside the movement corridors and within the final destinations of the asylum seekers and develop a map of environmentally vulnerable zones where policy actions might be needed in the following periods. Finally, we point out the short-run and medium-run environmental impacts of the refugee crisis.