Spatial Dimensions of the Opioid Epidemic: Greater Saginaw, MI

Authors: Mackenzie Bethune*, Saginaw Valley State University, Birch Bradford, Saginaw Valley State University
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Urban Geography
Keywords: Crime Mapping, GIS, urban geography
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

As has been reported by local police and mental health officials to the Saginaw County Crime Prevention Council over the past year, the Opioid epidemic has become a growing challenge to local safety. While anecdotal in nature, these warnings are underscored by Saginaw Police Department officers now carrying Narcan to combat accidental overdoses with unresponsive victims they encounter. Unfortunately, Saginaw is not alone in facing these challenges. Only recently President Trump declared the Opioid epidemic a national public health emergency. The first project will analyze all Opioid related calls for service received by police. Opioid related calls can be for active dealings, active overdose medical calls, and suspicious activities where there is a overdose verified by evidence (or subsequent toxicology reports). Using DDACTS standards, we create a three year baseline for future statistical comparisons. Tests will include Hot-Spot Analysis, Local Moran's I and Global Moran's I to determine the context and significance of any potential clustering of Opioid problems. This will enable law enforcement agencies to understand the potential spatial dynamics for Opioid related calls.

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