Development-induced displacement: The case of dam construction in Slovakia and Czech Republic

Authors: Natalia Hlavova*, University of Economics in Bratislava, Michaela Ciefova, University of Economics in Bratislava
Topics: Migration
Keywords: development-induced displacement, Slovakia, dams
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Oak Alley, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The present paper focuses on the topic of development-induced displacement within the migration debate and its coverage in current scientific research. The specific position of development as a driver of displacement offers room for debate. The paper further illustrates the historical experience with development-induced displacement in Slovakia and Czech Republic, with focus on displacement as a result of the construction of dams. Many dams in the Central European region were built as hydropower plants because of favourable geographical conditions and hydropower potential. Therefore, hydropower represents significant proportion of the energy mix in the respective countries. Although hydropower belongs to renewable energy resources, the construction of dams has led to resettlement of whole communities with economic and social consequences. In this paper we provide an overview of resettlement practices in Slovakia and Czech Republic and statistical data. Next, we examine forms of compensation used and their adequacy. Eventually, two dam construction projects are described in detail, one in Slovakia and one in Czech Republic. The aim is to evaluate the displacement process and its economic and social consequences. The partial objective is to discuss similarities and differences between resettlement practices in the two countries.

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