Impacts of industrial structure on energy consumption and carbon emission changes across space and time: A case study of Beijing, China

Authors: Zhihui Li*, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Xiangzheng Deng, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yue Zhang, Capital Normal University, Lu Peng, Beijing Forestry University
Topics: Energy
Keywords: Industrial structure, energy consumption, carbon emission, Beijing
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 2:40 PM / 4:20 PM
Room: Galerie 3, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

For the past decades, China has undergone rapid urbanization and socioeconomic development. This transformation has led to accompanied increase in energy demand and subsequent greenhouse gas emission. Economic growth and urbanization are highly correlated with energy use and GHG emissions levels. In 2014, CO2 emission in China reached 10 billion tons, with a 29% share in the global total emissions.
Recently, the Paris Agreement (2015) has drawn attention to the dramatic actions necessary to reduce carbon emissions, and China has submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC). China has entered a new stage of sustainable transformation, during which mitigation polices are urgently needed to promote industrial transformation and green economic development to improve emission reduction, especially in metropolitan regions. However, application of mitigation policy for low carbon societies is complicated, which should take the unique regional development conditions (socially, physically, economically and politically) into consideration. In this study, taking Beijing metropolitan region as case study area, we aim to build up historical sub-city energy use and carbon emission inventories, and further to analyze the socio-economic, political and institutional and biophysical factors (especially industrial structure) that explain the variations in these conditions across space and time. The results will be of significance to mitigation policy making and application for low carbon city development.

Keywords: Industrial structure; energy consumption; carbon emission; Beijing

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