Reconstruction of Landscape and Wind Environment of the 19th Century Rural Village in Japan

Authors: Muneyuki Natsume*, Kyoto University, Esri Japan, NPO OpenConcierge
Topics: Human-Environment Geography, Historical Geography, Landscape
Keywords: integrated GIS and CFD analysis, rule-based 3D modeling, historical rural landscape, Kichijoji neighborhood, suburbs of Tokyo
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The reconstruction of “lost space” is one of the main interests in historical geography.
However, the lack of spatially reliable data sources prevents the progress of research in the field. In particular, there are much fewer maps, drawings, and documents for rural areas than cities, thus it is difficult to reconstruct historical rural landscapes.
In recent study, although it is a conditional model, it is possible to complement missing information of landscape with rule-based 3D modeling technology. Furthermore, this constructed 3D model can be utilized for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis such as wind environment simulations.
The Kichijoji neighborhood known for its compact commercial district surrounded by low-rise residential area in the suburbs of Tokyo was a typical rural farming village until the late 19th century. Due to the rapid urbanization of 20th century, other than land
lot shapes, there is almost nothing left in the present landscape evidencing the district’s former landscape. Also, from the perspective of historical records, there are no documents that tell us the exact distribution of land use except for a few maps and drawings based on surveys taken in the late 19th century.
This poster focuses on the proposal of the reconstruction of the historical rural landscape and wind environment of the Kichijoji neighborhood by taking full advantage of integrated GIS and CFD analysis
using existing maps and drawings.

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