Conceptualizing and operationalizing Beach Walkability according to tourist perception: An empirical study conducted in the East Midnapore beaches, India.

Authors: Shamayeta Bhattacharya*, University of Connecticut
Topics: Tourism Geography, Environmental Science, Coastal and Marine
Keywords: Walkability, Beach walkability, sustainable tourism, operationalization, tourist perception
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded



Studies on walkability were mostly confined within the realm of urban and transportation literature. Walkability refers to how conducive a region is for walking, however, dominance of urban and transportation literature in walkability studies have only assessed the walkability of the built area , the natural area have otherwise been neglected. So, this paper ventures to study walkability of the beach area. As, beach walkability is comparative a virgin field so this study attempted to conceptualize/define beach walkability and operationalize it according to the tourists perceptions. For operationalization, the study derived the indicators and factors which affect beach walkability and then tested them for reliability using Cronhbach Alpha. A sample of 215 tourists were interviewed, besides reviewing literatures, both of this aided the quest for indicators. These indicators were further subjected to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis for deriving and validating the factors. Findings revealed that four factors regulate beach walkability. The factors include safety issues; beach aesthetics; basic beach amenities; nature of the beach. The first 3 factors were effective in the urban areas as well while the last factor was exclusive to the beach environment. The result yielded from this study has both theoretical and real ground implications. By conceptualizing and operationalizing beach walkability it contributes towards walkability literature and if the beaches are planned according to the factors derived that will lead towards sustainable beach tourism.

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