Deterioration of World Heritage Site Mohenjo-Daro: A Review

Authors: Atif Rao*, , Mehdi Muhammad Raza, Department of Urban & infrastructure Engineering, NED University of Engineering & Technology, Karachi, Pakistan., Dodge Rebecca, Kimbell School of Geosciences, Midwestern University, Wichita Falls Texas USA.
Topics: Environment, Remote Sensing, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
Keywords: Archeological Sites, Water Table Rising, Soil Salinization, Structural Deterioration; Mohenjo-Daro; World Heritage Protection
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: Download



Flood irrigation practices in arid and semi-arid countries around the world contribute to two critical environmental problems of rising water tables and soil salinization. The impact of these problems on soil not only affects soil fertility but also leads to damage of built infrastructure. The primary purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of rising water tables and soil salinization at the Historical Ruins of the World Heritage Site of Mohenjo-Daro. This paper is a portion of the outcomes of a broader study designed to make progress towards preservation of the World Heritage Site of Mohenjo-Daro. The method of study include a historical review of the remedial plans for the protection of Mohenjo-Daro and an analysis of the onsite conditions of the rising water tables and salinization and its critical impacts on the structures that caused the deterioration. The research concluded that through the improvement in agricultural irrigation activities and socioeconomic progresses, advancement of the planning, development, and maintenance of current and proposed infrastructure in the local areas shall reduce the impact of rising water tables and soil salinization. In this way through reduction in deterioration process the protection of this great world heritage site of Mohenjo-Daro can be achieved.

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