Shale Gas Gathering Pipelines, Buildings, and Ownership Boundaries in Carroll County, OH.

Authors: Felix Asare-Bediako*, University of Akron, Shanon Donnelly, University of Akron
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Remote Sensing, Land Use and Land Cover Change
Keywords: GIS, Remote Sensing, Land Change, Gas Gathering Pipelines
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Routes of gas gathering pipelines are mostly unregulated by the state except when it has to go through a protected land cover such as wetlands. The paths that gathering pipelines follow through the landscape are therefore determined by numerous negotiations at the parcel scale. Failure of gas gathering pipelines results in significant consequences to residents, and the environment. This study examines whether buildings influence routes of shale gas gathering pipelines; visually examine the spatial patterns of gas gathering pipelines, and determine the distance between buildings and gas gathering pipelines in Carroll County, OH. Parcels of Carroll County were acquired from a county agency. Parcels that intersect with gas gathering pipelines were extracted as the study area. Gas gathering pipelines and buildings were digitized in ArcMap by visually identifying them using a high resolution aerial imagery ranging from 2006-2017. ArcGIS was used to determine the distance of buildings from shale gas gathering pipelines and the type of building. Our results indicate that buildings influence routes of gas gathering pipelines. However, gas gathering pipeline routes can be attributed to several factors such as topography, type of soil and geological process of the landscape. The nearest distance was a residential building with 3.72m. Gas gathering pipelines in Carroll County, OH, are routed towards the edge and center of parcels.

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