Spatial distribution of Chronic Illness in Illinois

Authors: Chayanika Singh*,
Topics: Geography and Urban Health
Keywords: Chronic conditions, Illinois, Health Geography
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Globally, chronic illness is the leading cause of deaths. It is estimated that by the year 2020, 50 million people will die due to chronic illness out of which almost 50% suffer from cardiovascular diseases (CVD). In the United States, as of 2012, half of the adult population (age above18yrs) suffer from at least one chronic condition. According to IDPH (Illinois Department of Public Health) following are listed as primary chronic health conditions: Alzheimer’s disease, Arthritis, Asthma, Atrial fibrillation, Autism, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), Chronic Kidney disease, Cancer, Diabetes, Depression, Ischemic heart disease, Heart failure, Hypertension, Hyperlipidemia, Osteoporosis, Schizophrenia and Stroke. I am studying the pattern of these chronic conditions across the state of Illinois at county level data obtained from Illinois Department of Public Health for 2010 compared with demographic data from US census 2010. Cook County (having Chicago metropolitan area) is excluded from the data set so that the spatial pattern does not look skewed towards the Chicago metropolitan area since it has most of the state’s population. Spatial autocorrelation (Moran’s I) followed by Ordinary Least Square Regression analysis using ESRI Arc Map 10.4 is done to find counties that shows significant clustering of multiple disease occurrence. Results are presented in the poster. A further study is ongoing to examine and evaluate the factors for disease prevalence in selected high probability counties of Illinois.

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