Short Term Glacial Degradation Within Glacier National Park, Montana

Authors: Brit Ickes*, Penn State Geography Department, Ryan Hill, Penn State University Department of Agricultural Sciences, Malik Means, Penn State Geography Department
Topics: Spatial Analysis & Modeling, Cryosphere
Keywords: Glacier National Park, Spatial Analysis, NDVI, Glaciers, Cryosphere, Freshwater, Climate Change, Landsat
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Glacier National Park, located in Montana, was created in 1910 by President Taft. At the time of its creation, it was home to 150 glaciers. Today, there is less than 30 glaciers still visible upon the landscape. Although inland glaciers such as the ones found at Glacier National Park only cover a small portion of global land, these landscapes are essential to terrestrial ecosystems and human civilization as these contain a high percentage of earths freshwater. As global temperatures rise, and climate change becomes a reality, landscapes such as the one at Glacier National Park continue to be effected around the world. With rising concern, our team set out to spatially analyze the entirety of Glacier National Park to determine the rate at which these glaciers are melting. By defining a relatively short term from 2000 to 2017 and utilizing Landsat and NASA Giovanni data we able to display the glacial coverage as well as soil temperature across Glacier National Park. From the analysis of the data it is evident that the glacial degradation of Glacier National Park is slow and gradual.

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