Impact of population on the vegetative development in Burkina Faso in 2016

Authors: Basnewende Zoungrana*, South Dakota State University, Department of Geography
Topics: Population Geography, Environment, Africa
Keywords: Population growth, vegetation
Session Type: Poster
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Napoleon Foyer/Common St. Corridor, Sheraton, 3rd Floor
Presentation File: Download


Located in West Africa, Burkina Faso is a landlocked country of 274,200 square kilometers. It is a poor country with a population of around 19,229,900 (World Population Review 2017). This population is unequally distributed and mainly composed by farmers (80%). However, Burkina Faso has experienced a mining boom since 2008. The negative effects of mining, combine to extensive farming, are not only considerable, but also inevitable. They are upsetting the environment and society, and potentially generating human rights and conflict violations. Agriculture and mining being the two main activities in the country, requiring a huge area of land, and regarding the growth of the population, what is the relation between the population and the vegetative development in Burkina Faso? Is the population influencing the vegetation index? To answer this question, several Landsat imageries, the country counties layer, as well as a Landscan of the country in 2016 have been used to extract the data. ArcGIS and R were the software used for the analyzing part of the research. After different linear models built from the dataset, the conclusion was quite surprising. As expected, there is a correlation between the population density and the vegetative index in Burkina Faso in 2016, however, this correlation follows two different linear models depending on the different counties.

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