Authors: Julie Fromentin*, Pantheon-Sorbonne University
Topics: Immigration/Transnationalism, Migration, Population Geography
Keywords: immigration, migration, gateways, rural, suburban
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 10:00 AM / 11:40 AM
Room: Studio 4, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
In France as in most of Western countries, cities are the main gateways of immigration. Most immigrants arrive and settle first in the capital and major cities. Yet, migrations in Western countries have considerably changed over the last decade, with a diversification of migration flows such as the arrival of British retirees in France (Pistre, 2012), and increased Latino migration in the US. At the same time, rural and more broadly non-metropolitan areas have changed in a way that may be able to attract new migrants: promotion of the quality of life, socio-economic restructuring, development of a service and tourism oriented economy, suburbanization, etc. In the US, Singer, Hardwick & Brettell (2003) and Massey (2008) have shown that these changes, linked to new migration policies, have opened “new immigrant gateways”, both metropolitan and non-metropolitan ones.
To better address the question, this paper examines how changes in both migration patterns and rural areas dynamics articulate together to create a new geography of immigration characterized by a bypassing of inner cities and the emergence of non-metropolitan gateways.
Using Census data from 1968 to 2013, and spatial analysis tools, this paper will aim at:
- A quantitative analysis of spatial data estimating to what extent active non-metropolitan gateways shape migration patterns in France, and according to which criteria. Non-metropolitan areas include suburban areas and small cities.
- Extracting sociodemographic profiles of migrants and describing the places of these new patterns of immigration in suburban and rural France.