Managing urban water supply: the case of rainwater harvesting in the Adentan Municipality, Accra, Ghana.

Authors: Ogunleye-Adetona Comfort*, Educational Institution, Prof. Antwi Barima Kwabina, University of Cape Coast
Topics: Applied Geography, Geography and Urban Health, Water Resources and Hydrology
Keywords: water harvesting, portable water, storage facilities, coliform
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Iberville, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Potable water is critical for improved health and for the various socio-economic activities however, many urban communities in Ghana faces the challenge of water shortage that needs quick mitigation strategies to address the issue (Opare, 2011). Since the primary source of all water resources is derived from rainfall, the study attempted to assess rainwater harvesting as a means of mitigating against the perennial water shortages in the Adentan Municipality. The mixed method approach was used to randomly select 196 respondents. Questionnaire were then administered on them to obtain information for the study. Additional information were obtained from the Ministry of Water Resources Works and Housing and other related agencies. Findings from the study indicated that the Adentan community were being supplied with portable water, it was however inadequate. Majority of the respondents agreed that rainwater harvesting served as an alternative and cheaper source of water. Majority of the households used storage facilities that ranged between 500 and 1000 litres, too small to accommodate all potential rainwater. Samples of Water tested revealed some level of coliform, a contaminant. The binary logistic model result indicated that younger household heads adopted rainwater harvesting technology than older household heads. It is recommended that households should be encouraged to increase their storage facilities. Roofs and storage devices should be kept clean regularly by households in order to reduce the presence of coliform in harvested water. The younger household heads should be targeted by policy in promoting and adoption the RWHT in the area

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