Childhood Injury Risk in Akron, Ohio, and the Role of Weather

Authors: Scott Sheridan*, Kent State University, Jacqueline Curtis, Kent State University, Andrew Curtis, Kent State University, Heather Trnka, Akron Children's Hospital, Eric Hutzell, Summit County ADM Board, Mary Infantino, Akron Police Department, Beth Kuckuck, Summit County ADM Board, Sherry Blair, Akron Children's Hospital
Topics: Climatology and Meteorology, Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: hazards; health; weather
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 4:00 PM / 5:40 PM
Room: Napoleon B1, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

This study analyzes a broad range of injury and risk outcomes over a three-year period (2013-2015) for the city of Akron, Ohio. Child injury data and injury risk data are drawn from a variety of sources including trauma registry, police calls for service, and police incidents of juvenile victimization. Days with extreme weather conditions, using multiple thresholds of high and low temperature, snowfall, and precipitation) are compared to days without extremes. Incidence of outcomes is compared between the extreme and normal days, using non-linear regression models. Results suggest that anomalously warm conditions, but not the hottest days, are associated with increased risk, along with incidence of snow. Heavy precipitation days largely had a protective effect, suggesting lesser social activity and interaction. These comparisons enable us: 1) to identify the spatial pattern of all-cause injuries and risk of injury among children that are unique to days with temperature and precipitation extremes and 2) to create a model for public health practitioners to integrate these otherwise siloed data as an evidence base for geographically targeting prevention and intervention activities for extreme weather events in their communities.

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