North Korean Refugees’ Adjustment Process in the USA and NGO’s Global Networking for Supporting

Authors: In Hye Oh*, UCLA Center for Korean Studies, Seoul National University
Topics: Social Geography, Human Rights, Asia
Keywords: North Korea, Refugees, Global NGO, Home
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: Bayside A, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Two Koreas, South and North are the last divided countries in the world. North Korea is the closed society with dictatorship for three generations which resulted in political oppression with nuclear weapon, poverty and numerous refugees.
Most of these refugees are scattered around the China. Due to the Chinese Government does not treat them as refugees but as illegal immigrants who seek better economic environment, North Korea refugees suffer from compulsory repatriation, violence, starvation and even human trafficking. As a result, many global NGOs; USA, Canada, UK, South Korea, for North Korea operate in China.
The North Korean Human Rights Act of 2004 and North Korean Refugee Adoption Act of 2011 improved the efforts of USA for North Korean human rights. However, Three North Korean refugees in US killed themselves after failing to properly adjusting to the new life in US. This shows that North Korean refugees need to support for adjust in their new home. It will be explained through the analysis international NGOs’ helping refugees in various ways.
The purpose of the research is to understand the adaptation situation of North Korean refugees in the USA as a permanent settlement. And global NGOs’ aid for North Korean refugees through global networking perspective. Lastly, this study find the meaning of North Korea defectors’ American settlement in the prepare for unification of Korean Peninsula.

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