Flooding and Preagricultural Populations: Relation of Archaeological Sites to Fluvial Deposits

Authors: Jon-Paul Mccool*,
Topics: Paleoenvironmental Change, Geomorphology, Anthropocene
Keywords: African Humid Period, Pedogenesis, Geoarchaeology, Paleoenvironment
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Napoleon B2, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The relation between early agricultural civilizations, rivers, and flooding has been a focus of archaeological and geographic research for over a century. In contrast, earlier pre-agricultural or semi-nomadic populations have either been studied in terms of broader spatial relationships between settlements, or treated largely as earlier versions of later agricultural populations. Spatial patterns of archaeological sites along the Nile River in Sudan have been used to make statements about past river extents whereas dated fluvial deposits have been correlated to regional river patterns and climate. Here those dated deposits are evaluated spatially with flood extents modeled from the confluence of the White and Blue Niles at Khartoum to Semna, upstream of Lake Nasser. These extents are then compared to distributions of contemporary archaeological sites to better evaluate the interplay between human habitation site selection fluvial flood extents.

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