Does place matter? A multilevel analysis of victmisation and sense of safety among seniors in Canada.

Authors: Prince Michael Amegbor*, Queen's University, Mark W. Rosenberg, Queen's University, Vincent Z. Kuuire, University of Toronto Mississauga
Topics: Medical and Health Geography, Quantitative Methods, Canada
Keywords: Victimization, Sense of Safety, Seniors, Canada Multilevel Analysis
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/11/2018
Start / End Time: 3:20 PM / 5:00 PM
Room: Estherwood, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


An increasing number of research studies have argued that place characteristics promote healthy ageing. However, there is few studies on the effects of place-based variation in social capital and it implications for victimisation of seniors or their sense of safety; especially, in the field of health geography. To address this shortcoming, we performed a multilevel analysis of victimization among seniors and their satisfaction with their personal sense of safety from crime; using the 2014 Canadian General Social Survey (GSS) data on Canadians’ safety. In our analysis, we controlled for sex, education, and income. Generally, seniors with poor neighborhood ties and social capital were more likely to have experienced some form of victimization. Seniors who viewed people in their neighborhood as unhelpful were 1.376 times (p<0.01) more likely to have experienced some form of victimization. Highly educated and high-income earning seniors were also more likely to have experienced some form of victimization. Paradoxically, such seniors were more likely to have better satisfaction levels with their personal sense of safety from crime. The results also show that place, defined as population centers (urban or rural) and regions, may be less important in accounting for incidence of victimization and sense of safety among Canadian seniors. There is the need to improve social capital and socioeconomic status of community dwelling seniors in order to reduce their susceptibility to crime and abuse, as well as, improve their sense of safety from crime.

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