Place Making as Resilience: Tourism and the Transformation of Peripheral Rural Communities in Taiwan

Authors: Chin-Cheng Ni*, , Alan Lew*, Northern Arizona University
Topics: Tourism Geography, Rural Geography, Asia
Keywords: resilience, resistance, place making, critical approach, community, remote islands, Penghu, Taiwan
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 1:20 PM / 3:00 PM
Room: Zulu, Sheraton, 8th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Our case studies are two small and remote communities in the Penghu island group of Taiwan, between Taiwan and Mainland China, which we examine within the context of resilience theory (the need to adapt to change) and place making (policies and actions made visible in the rural landscape). Preliminary investigations suggest that for peripheral places, effective tourism placemaking is embedded within a globalist agenda, even when it appears to be carried out by local agents. Indigenous, sense-of-place place-making, on the other hand, is hidden beneath the fabric of tourism made places, if it exists at all. To this we apply a resilience perspective in which indicators of stability, recovery and transformation are explored through the tourism place-making (bottom-up) and placemaking (top-down) policies and tools proposed by Lew (2017). The results demonstrate the high degree to which the periphery is an extension of the core, to the point where concepts such as “core vs. periphery”, “bottom-up vs. top-down”, and “insider vs. outsider” appear to be increasingly meaningless in the public sphere (Habermas, 1989) of a post-modern, glocalized world.

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