Adoption of Indigenous Coping Strategies to Food Insecurity among Rural Households in the Adamawa Region, Northeastern, Nigeria

Authors: Mala Galtima*, Modibbo Adama University
Topics: Rural Geography, Agricultural Geography, Cultural Geography
Keywords: Rural, Food Security, Insecurity, Conflict, Strategy, Region, Households
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Studio 6, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Food insecurity remains one of the greatest challenges facing the rural communities in sub-Saharan Africa, where more than half of the population are engaged in agricultural production. This has been largely attributed to rapid increase in population, which aggravated the competition for marginal lands, deteriorating environmental conditions heightened by the vagaries of climate change, and more recently the ethno-religious conflicts, such as the ‘Boko Haram’ insurgency. The objective in this study was to assess rural households’ food insecurity and identify any sustainable indigenous coping strategies adopted by the farmers in the Adamawa region. The data was collected through a questionnaire survey of eight varying communities in four agro-ecological zones and analyzed using the logit model application. The analysis of food security index reveals that more than 45% of the rural households in the region are food in-secured. The determinants of this insecurity, the level of farmer’s education, household size, land use conflicts, land degradation and dwindling farm sizes, were found to have varying intra-regional dimensions and therefore accounted for communal differences in the adoption of coping strategies. About 90% of the food in-secured households have adopted food rationing in quality and quantity, among other measures to mitigate the insecurity. These have therefore put the entire population of the region on the frontlines of looming food crisis and abject poverty conditions. It is suggested that the stakeholders including the government must take decisive measures especially on farmer education and conflict resolution to enhance any prospects for sustainable development of the region.

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