Floating between cities and countryside: determinants of multiple return migrations in China

Authors: Jianfa Shen*, CHINESE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG, Qiang Ren, Peking University, Yu Zhu, Fujian Normal University, Wenfei Wang, University of Bristol, Xiaoman Liu, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Topics: China, Population Geography, Migration
Keywords: floating population,migration process,return migration,China
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Regent, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


China has a large “floating population” over 200 million who do not have a hukou at their place of living. Significant studies have been carried out about their settlement intentions at their urban destinations. Some rural migrants have been moved between cities and countryside several times. Thus one can study ‘floating population’ at their destination or at their origin after their return. Rural migrants return to their home villages or counties for various reasons at various life stages. This paper examines the determinants of return migration from urban to rural areas in China based on the sampling data collected in 2015. The paper will analyze the characteristics of return migrants and the roles of individual, household and regional factors in the decision of return migration. The paper will analyze if the determinants are different for multiple return migrations. The findings will contribute to the understanding of the migration and return migration processes in China.

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