Evading egalitarianism? The segregated educational landscape of Dutch cities

Authors: Willem Boterman*, University of Amsterdam
Topics: Social Geography, Urban Geography, Ethnicity and Race
Keywords: segregation, school choice, gentrification
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 12:40 PM / 2:20 PM
Room: Gallier B, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Educational inequalities are generally associated with wider social and spatial inequalities across ethnicity and class. In many urban contexts, school segregation and residential segregation are highly correlated and are both cause and effect of processes of social reproduction. The structure of the educational landscape is highly contingent on the socio-spatial configuration of specific cities. Unequal cities with polarised housing markets and high levels of residential segregation tend to result in highly unequal schooling landscapes too. The context of Dutch cities, however, seems to present a deviant case. While the educational landscape is highly egalitarian and urban areas tend to be socially mixed, this does not result in low levels of school segregation or low educational inequalities. This paper studies the patterns and trends of school and residential segregation in different urban contexts in the Netherlands. The paper draws on multilevel analysis of individual longitudinal data of all primary school pupils to assess how both individual characteristics and the institutional and urban context influence the relationship between residential and school segregation.

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