Out-migration, rural livelihoods and environmental policies

Type: Paper
Sponsor Groups: Rural Geography Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM (Eastern Standard Time)
Room: Estherwood, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Organizers: Qi Zhang, Conghe Song
Chairs: Qi Zhang


Rural out-migration is a hallmark socioeconomic phenomenon associated with development in the third world. The behavior of individual migration can be viewed as one of the livelihood strategies for poverty reduction by rural households. Rural out-migration has profound social-ecological consequences. The remittance that the out-migrants send back can significantly improve the livelihoods of the original households. On the one hand, out-migration reduces the pressure on local natural resources, contributing the environmental restoration. On the other hand, migrants increase the demand for natural resources in the destination area, possibly resulting in environmental degradation. Rural out-migration may also influence the outcome of the intervention of environmental policies, such as Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) projects, which often involve land use change (e.g., forest restoration on marginal cropland). PES projects may trigger the modification of rural livelihoods from on-farm agricultural work to non-farm migration. The success of the environmental policies often relies on the incentives to the behavioral change of rural farmers. Therefore, understanding of rural out-migration and the associated livelihood changes associated with environmental policies is critical for policy-makers to assess their outcome.

This session calls for papers that provide in-depth understanding of rural out-migration behavior and the associated livelihood changes in relation to environmental conservation policies. We welcome papers that focus on modeling the process of rural out-migration in adaptation to environmental change. The topics can include, but not limited to: 1) causes and consequences of rural migration, 2) migration-environment nexus, and 3) impacts of environmental conservation policies, such as PES programs, on rural out-migration.


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Samuel Dupre*, , The impact of coffee leaf rust (Hemileia vastatrix) on migration among smallholder coffee farmers in eastern Guatemala 20 5:20 PM
Presenter Jiahuan Zhou*, , Characteristics and Impact Factors of Residential Status of the New Generation of Migrant Workers in China 20 5:40 PM
Presenter Fanny Boudet*, Department of Geography, McGill University, Graham MacDonald, Department of Geography, McGill University, Leah Samberg, Institute on the Environment, University of Minnesota, Brian Robinson, Department of Geography, McGill University, Rural-urban connectivity and agricultural management intensity across the Global South 20 6:00 PM
Presenter Annie Wu*, , Mapping remittances and development: A study of the Australian Seasonal Workers Programme through East Timorese workers 20 6:20 PM
Presenter Qi Zhang*, UNC-Chapel Hill, Conghe Song, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Richard E. Bilsborrow, Carolina Population Center, Individual migration following Payments for Ecosystem Services programs in rural China 20 6:40 PM

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