Energy Ethnographies 2: Foregrounding the social, cultural, and political aspects of ‘energy access’ and ‘energy transitions’ in the Global South

Type: Paper
Sponsor Groups: Cultural and Political Ecology Specialty Group, Energy and Environment Specialty Group, Development Geographies Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM
Room: Evergreen, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Organizers: Deepti Chatti, Jonathan Balls
Chairs: Deepti Chatti


This session calls for papers that draw on ethnographic and other qualitative engagements with energy users in the Global South - centering their experiences, values, politics, preferences, and epistemologies. By examining the everyday entanglements of culture, politics, environment, and society in energy use, this session aims to explore how the insights from critical qualitative social sciences can enrich our current understanding of energy access and energy transitions in developing countries.
In the context of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Paris Climate Agreement, and the Sustainable Energy For All (SE4All) initiative, scholars and practitioners alike have turned their focus to ‘energy access’ and ‘energy transitions’. The extension of energy services such as electricity and ‘clean’ cooking energy to low income households in the Global South is broadly described under the rubric of ‘expanding energy access’, while the substitution of currently used technologies in favour of ‘modern’ renewable energy services is broadly described under the umbrella of ‘energy transitions’. Both these terms have attracted theoretical attention by critical geographers and allied scholars. In recent years, researchers have focused extensively on decentralized energy infrastructures and programs - such as for off-grid solar power, or improved cookstoves - highlighting their promise for extending energy access, and their role in energy transitions (Bailis et al., 2009, Cross 2013, Simon et al., 2014). Additionally, researchers have looked at centralized infrastructure to reach energy users who were previously unserved (Dabadge et al., 2016). Much of the existing literature is concerned with the technical, financial, and economic aspects of efforts to extend energy access or to facilitate the diffusion of energy technologies. When attention is paid to energy users, it is typically through survey based empirical studies, focusing on technological or economical aspects.
In parallel, there is a growing recognition by socio-cultural anthropologists of the importance of understanding the cultures and politics of infrastructure (Larkin 2013, Kale 2014, Anand 2017). Energy infrastructures are worthy of social, cultural, and political study in addition to being objects of enquiry from a technological and economic lens. Infrastructures entail newly negotiated relationships between state actors, businesses, civil society actors, and energy users (Button, 2017; Meehan, 2014). With new energy infrastructures comes new knowledge, practices, and cultures (Strauss et al., 2016, Gupta, 2015, Kumar, 2015). New technologies can reinforce existing socio-political hierarchies, or upset them (Jacobson, 2007). Ethnographic studies that focus on users and the seemingly ordinary or mundane everyday uses of energy can bring rich empirical insights on how energy access and transitions are unfolding (Chatti et al., 2017). This scholarship can improve our understanding on how energy technologies, infrastructures, and programs are mediated, shaped, and accommodated, while simultaneously paying close attention to how lives are changed to accommodate new forms of infrastructures.

This session invites participants to present research conducted with energy users in the developing world to explore the social, cultural, and political dimensions of ‘energy access’ and ‘energy transitions’. While we hope to center ethnographic and deep qualitative research, we welcome a broad range of scholarly engagements that foreground the social, cultural, and political aspects of energy use.
Potential paper themes could include, but are not limited to:
• How is the use of energy mediated by cultures, politics, and practices, and how does this relate with our current understanding of ‘energy access’, and ‘energy transitions’?
• What insights are gained from ethnographic studies that center the experiences and practices of users?
• How are accounts that detail the politics and governance of decentralised energy infrastructures, and emergent relationships between government actors, businesses, civil society, and users enriching understandings of energy transitions in the developing world?
• How are contestations over technical and economic aspects of energy infrastructure negotiated? How does this affect the end user?


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Introduction Deepti Chatti Yale University 2 5:20 PM
Presenter Shikha Lakhanpal*, ATREE, The Politics of Energy Landscapes: Case of a small hydropower project in Karnataka, India 16 5:22 PM
Presenter Festus Boamah*, University of Bayreuth, From uncertainties to chaotic energy futures? Spatial patterns of decentralized solar PV systems, social practices and energy governance in Kenya 16 5:38 PM
Presenter Roxana Borquez*, King College London, Frans Berkhout, King's College London, Anthony Pereira, King's College London, Creating public arenas when the state is absent: post-dictatorship energy process in Chile 16 5:54 PM
Presenter Elizabeth Chatterjee*, University of Chicago, Democracy v. development? Electricity access and reforms across Indian states 16 6:10 PM
Presenter Jonathan Balls*, University of Melbourne, Harry Fischer, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Electrical citizenship and the democratic infrastructures of sustainable development 16 6:26 PM
Discussant Gregory Simon University of Colorado Denver 18 6:42 PM

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