Computation for Public Engagement in Complex Problems: From Big Data, to Modeling, to Action 2

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Geographic Information Science and Systems Specialty Group, Spatial Analysis and Modeling Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/13/2018
Start / End Time: 5:20 PM / 7:00 PM (MDT)
Room: Studio 5, Marriott, 2nd Floor
Organizers: Jeon-Young Kang, Jared Aldstadt, Arika Ligmann-Zielinska
Chairs: Moira Zellner

Description

In line with one of the major themes of this conference, we explore the opportunities and challenges that geo-computational tools offer to support public engagement, deliberation and decision-making to address complex problems that link human, socioeconomic and biophysical systems at a variety of different spatial and temporal scales (e.g., climate change, resource depletion, and poverty). Modelers and data scientists have shown increasing interest in the intersection between science and policy, acknowledging that, for all the computational advances achieved to support policy and decision-making, these approaches remain frustratingly foreign to the public they are meant to serve. On one hand, there is a persistent gap in the public’s understanding of and reasoning about complex systems, resulting in unintended and undesirable consequences. On the other hand, there is significant public skepticism about the knowledge generated by the modeling community and its ability to inform policy and decision-making.
We invite theoretical, methodological, and empirical papers that explore advances in geo-computational approaches, including part or all the process to address complex problems: from data collection and analysis, to the development and use of models, to supporting action with data analysis and modeling. We are interested in any work that contributes towards the overall goal of supporting public engagement and action around complex problems, including—but not limited to—the following topics:
• epistemological perspectives;
• extracting behavioral rules from novel and established data sets;
• innovative applications of complex systems techniques, and
• addressing the challenge of complex systems model calibration and validation.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Piotr Jankowski*, San Diego State University, Michal Czepkiewicz, Adam Mickiewicz University, University of Iceland, Maarit Kahila, Mapita, Do PPGIS-generated Data Matter in Planning Decisions? 20 5:20 PM
Presenter Sara Peterson*, University at Buffalo, Modeling the Dynamics of Intimate Partner Violence in South Africa 20 5:40 PM
Presenter Keumseok Peter Koh*, The Ohio State University, Designing an Agent-Based Model using Group Model Building: Application to Food Insecurity Patterns in a U.S. Midwestern Metropolitan City 20 6:00 PM
Presenter Shipeng Sun*, Hunter College, From agent-based virtual laboratories to the real world: empirical evidence of the impact of neighborhood size on urban sprawl 20 6:20 PM
Presenter Moira Zellner*, University of Illinois at Chicago, Leilah Lyons, University of Illinois-Chicago, Charles Hoch, University of Illinois at Chicago, Joey Shelley, University of Illinois at Chicago, Dean Massey, University of Illinois at Chicago, Daniel Milz, University of Minnesota, Joshua Radinsky, University of Illinois at Chicago, Participatory Complex Systems Modeling for Environmental Planning: Opportunities and Barriers to Learning and Policy Innovation 20 6:40 PM

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