Transit-Oriented or Transit-Adjacent Development? Interrogating the contribution of public-transport-driven development to Social Equity and Inclusion in cities of the Global South

Type: Paper
Theme:
Sponsor Groups: Transportation Geography Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Estherwood, Sheraton, 4th Floor
Organizers: Ersilia Verlinghieri, Daniel Oviedo Hernandez
Chairs: Daniel Oviedo Hernandez

Description

In recent years we have witnessed the revival of public transport as a central measure in local and global urban policy agendas. This is reflected in international debates, which increasingly focus on how to enable equitable and inclusive accessibility through transport policies at all levels (UN-Habitat, 2016). The transport sector has historically been one of the largest areas in national and local investment globally (UN-Habitat, 2013), and it is critically important that infrastructure investment supports city development objectives. Transport and mobility plans and regulations in major cities in the Global South tend to incorporate increased social inclusion and equity as central objectives in their discourse (Scholl et al., 2016). However, also for what concerns public transportation, conceptual and empirical approaches for the study of mobilities, as well as the toolkits for mainstream transport planning often do not incorporate specific or rigorous indicators that permit measuring their contribution to accessibility, equity and social development (Geurs and van Wee, 2004; Lucas and Jones, 2012; van Wee, 2016). This is partly a result of traditional planning methods that see urban mobility primary as a transport problem and focus on demand and efficiency, without explicitly considering social or spatial equity (Keeling, 2008a; Keeling, 2008b) or the different agents that participate in the construction of diverse forms of mobility in their everyday practices (Creswell, 2011).

Providing methodological, conceptual and policy insights from different contexts in the Global South, this panel aims to critically examine how public transport investments and the associated urban development interact with spatial and social mobilities in the reproduction of both spatial and social inequities in cities of the Global South. Specifically, the session seeks to discuss:

- the contribution of recent public transport investments, programmes and plans to the multiple accessibility needs of modern urban dwellers in developing cities.

- the role of public urban transportation as urban development policy, comparing the distributional effects of proximity to infrastructure and the coherence between stated policy objectives and observable changes in the cities' development trajectories.

- how the accessibility and distributional impacts of public transport investment in developing countries are influenced by a range of evolving relationships between the State, civil society and private sector.

- the rhetorical use of the term Transit Oriented Development (TOD) in urban policies in first and second tier cities of the Global South.

- the positive and negative implications of global infrastructural trends such as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and aerial cable-cars as forms of restructuring public transport and addressing longstanding accessibility deficits.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Genevieve Boisjoly*, McGill University, Bernardo Serra, Institute for Transport Policy & Development – Brazil , Gabriel T. Oliveira, Institute for Transport Policy & Development – Brazil , Ahmed El-Geneidy, McGill University, Equity in transit: Evaluating the socio-spatial distribution of public transport services in Recife, Brazil 20 8:00 AM
Presenter Rui Guo*, East China Normal University, Bindong Sun, East China Normal University, Transport accessibility and education equity: An empirical study on travel behavior of university students in Shanghai 20 8:20 AM
Presenter Minju Lee*, University of Seoul, In Kwon Park*, University of Seoul, The less you earn, the more you spend for commuting? Sifting out inequity in mobility from regional factors 20 8:40 AM
Presenter Daniel Oviedo Hernandez*, University College London, Luis Angel Guzman, Universidad de los Andes, Nicolas Oviedo Davila, London School of Economics, What is the contribution of public transport to accessibility? Examining equity and informality in the Bogotá region 20 9:00 AM
Presenter Orlando Sabogal*, Univesidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Angie Henao , Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Jenny Mejia , Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Juan David Hincapie, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira, Well-being, exclusion and accessibility: differences among public transport users and non-users 20 9:20 AM

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