Risk Communication and Resilience

Type: Paper
Theme: Hazards, Geography, and GIScience
Sponsor Groups: Hazards, Risks, and Disasters Specialty Group, Media and Communication Geography Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/12/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Napoleon B3, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Organizers: Bandana Kar, David Cochran
Chairs: David Cochran

Description

Risk communication, defined as the exchange of information among stakeholders about a disaster with the intent to help people take risk reduction actions, is a central part of disaster preparedness, response, and recovery. Resilience is a process that increases capacity through the proactive and positive engagement of stakeholders so that disaster-impacted communities can quickly return to a pre-disaster state or even attain better-than-pre-disaster states, thereby enhancing sustainability. While risk communication is one aspect to building resilience, community resilience can be improved by (i) increasing public awareness of risk and their role in risk reduction, (ii) assessing and communicating risk, (iii) increasing stakeholder participation in policy preparation and implementation, and (iv) sharing knowledge/information/lessons learned among communities. In view of the recent disasters – hurricanes Harvey and Irma – during which social media played a big role in terms of disseminating information for rescue, it is timely to discuss what action should be taken to integrate citizen science and risk communication in building resilient communities. Research topics include, but are not limited to:
• The effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of WEA and mobile devices in increasing risk communication coverage.
• Limitations and advantages of using WEA based on its current protocol to other events.
• The role of social media in increasing citizen participation and the issues and concerns expressed by emergency managers and the general public regarding the use of social media in risk communication and resilience building efforts.
• Proactive approaches to resilience (risk assessment, risk management, risk communication) that have been effective in reducing hazard impacts?
• How does social media influence resilience and recovery? How can social media be used to bolster emergency preparedness?
• What is the future of resilience-based research? Is there a difference between individual resilience and community resilience? Finally, is it possible for global society to reach a level of resilience where the impacts of hazards are negligible?


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Madeline M Kelley*, University of Denver, Hillary Hamann, University of Denver, Jing Li, University of Denver, Developing a Flood Risk Information for Colorado 20 8:00 AM
Presenter Charlotte Monteil*, University of East Anglia, Risk communication in context of post-disaster recovery and socio-cultural change 20 8:20 AM
Presenter John A. Cross*, University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, Communication of Hazard Vulnerability by Monuments and Historical Markers 20 8:40 AM
Presenter Anne Watelet*, Laurentian University, ''Where Waters Flow, Do Not Go!'' Water Safety or Culture of Fear? 20 9:00 AM
Presenter David Cochran*, University of Southern Mississippi, Bandana Kar, Oak Ridge National Laboratories, Joohee Lee, University of Southern Mississippi, Bret Blackmon, University of Southern Mississippi, Hwanseok Choi, University of Southern Mississippi, Michelle Brazeal, University of Southern Mississippi, Tim Rehner, University of Southern Mississippi, Community Resilience, Social Capital, and Disaster Experience as Factors Associated with Preparedness Among Residents of Coastal Mississippi 20 9:20 AM

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