Since the 1990s, the share of immigrants in non-urban areas has significantly increased in several Western countries such as France. Nowadays the residential location of new immigrants is not only urban or peri-urban, but also rural. At the same time, small cities, suburban and rural spaces are evolving, and their inhabitants are increasingly diversified. For instance, retirees, young professionals, poor workers, as well as immigrants are moving to the countryside and contributing to the demographic renewal of these areas (Pistre, 2012).
In response to these important changes, the field of population studies has become increasingly concerned with detailing and explaining these new migration patterns and their consequences at different scales. Among the different categories of new rural or suburban residents, immigrants (i.e. non-native residents of a country) usually receive less attention. Several reasons can be given: representations commonly associated with the countryside as areas populated exclusively by natives, predominance of urban residential location for immigrants, etc., but recent research has opened perspectives for studying the new patterns of immigration outside the major cities. For instance, in the US, it has been shown that suburban as well as rural areas represent “new gateways” that reshape the geography of immigration (Massey, 2008; Singer and al., 2008). New migration patterns towards non-metropolitan areas have also been observed in different countries, shedding light on processes such as linked migrations in the United States (Nelson and Nelson, 2011) and suburbanization of immigrants in France (Lambert, 2015). Public policies also contribute to these new migration patterns, as in France or Germany where reception centers for refugees and asylum seekers are increasingly created in small cities and rural areas.
This session will seek to further this work by focusing on new patterns of immigrant settlement. These new migration trends raise new questions about the changes in immigrants' individual trajectories and spatial change more generally. What are the new patterns of immigration in small cities, suburban and rural areas? Do these new patterns stem from evolving migrant strategies at individual level or from territorial changes that offer new opportunities to migrants (or both)?
We invite wide-ranging contributions to this session in terms of settlement places : rural areas, small cities, suburban areas as well as non-gateway cities, in the North and the South; and in terms of observed population : refugees, migrant workers, established immigrants as recent ones.
The three main questions are:
- The residential mobility of immigrants as the result of new individual strategies: is the increasing internal migration of immigrants beyond the major cities the result of specific “residential strategies” (Bonvalet, Fribourg, 1990)? What are the aims of these strategies: home ownership, social mobility, a specific lifestyle? Are these strategies shared with non-immigrants or specific to some groups, and if so, which ones?
- New opportunities for immigrants offered by changing spaces: how can changes in the environment account for the new patterns of immigration? How does the globalization of the countryside (Woods, 2007) draw new migrants – either international or internal migrations of immigrants – to rural areas and small cities? More broadly, what socioeconomic changes can explain these new residential flows of immigrants toward the countryside or non-gateway cities? Do national or local public policies have an effect on the residential mobility of immigrants towards these areas?
- The local integration of immigrants: at a local scale, what are their proximities and interactions with the local communities? Do these new residents contribute to the space reshaping at a local scale, and how?
|Introduction||Julie Fromentin Pantheon-Sorbonne University||10||8:00 AM|
|Presenter||Kitty LYMPEROPOULOU*, University of Manchester, Mapping EU migrant families in England and Wales||20||8:10 AM|
|Presenter||France Guérin-Pace*, Ined, Julie Fromentin, Pantheon-Sorbonne University, Paris, Rural areas in immigrant’s trajectories in France: a common or special feature?||20||8:30 AM|
|Presenter||Camille Gardesse*, Paris School of Urban Planning, The combined effects of public policies and citizen practices on precarious migrant settlement in small French cities. The cases of Cahors and Issoudun||20||8:50 AM|
|Presenter||Dawid Wladyka*, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Ricard Morén-Alegret, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain, David Owen, The University of Warwick, Immigration and tourism in European small towns. A comparative approach to Stratford-upon-Avon (England, UK) and Castelló d’Empúries (Catalonia, Spain)||20||9:10 AM|
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