Temporary and Incomplete Enclosures: Restriction of Access to Resources and Socio-Economic Transformation

Type: Paper
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Day: 4/10/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Astor Ballroom I, Astor, 2nd Floor
Organizers: Stephan Hochleithner
Chairs: Stephan Hochleithner

Description

Large scale land-use projects, which involve shifts in access to and control of so-called natural resources (e.g. for agricultural industry or nature conservation), continue to strongly impact life in rural areas especially in the Global South. While projects building on a complete restriction of former users’ access to natural resources have been described as enclosures, featuring mechanisms and having effects similar to those of primitive/original accumulation or accumulation by dispossession, recent years have seen an increase of projects that do not fully or not irrevocably restrict access for former users, e.g. through community involvement schemes, community based conservation, or outgrower-schemes. Furthermore, it might be argued that even displacement during warfare represents a temporary form of enclosure.
This session seeks to explore concrete cases of temporary and incomplete enclosures, in the Global South as well as in the Global North, and invites presentations dealing with such issues based on qualitative fieldwork. The aim of the contributions should be to identify the variety of such enclosures, as well as to better understand their concrete mechanisms and effects regarding material and social production and reproduction, social and environmental differentiation, and/or establishment, maintenance, and characteristics of resource-related social relations among affected communities.


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Introduction Stephan Hochleithner University of Zurich 20 8:00 AM
Presenter Jack McCarthy*, University College Dublin and Teagasc Agriculture and Food Development Authority, Navigating environmental designations to procure local benefit: a case study from the Republic of Ireland 20 8:20 AM
Presenter Dave Knieter*, West Virginia University, Decolonizing Conservation? Perceptions and paradoxes in the new co-management regime of Bushbuckridge Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga Province, South Africa 20 8:40 AM
Presenter Katie Epstein*, Montana State University, Julia Hobson Haggerty, Montana State University, Rich people and elk; High net worth ownership regimes and social-ecological transformation in the Greater Yellowstone 20 9:00 AM

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