In the twenty-first century, many rural communities continue to rely on ecosystem services from their surrounding landscape for food and livelihood security. Over centuries, communities have learned to anticipate and adapt to changing conditions; however, as a result of colonization and economic globalization, many are more vulnerable to increasing climatic and other environmental variability and uncertainty. In the past, communities had developed sophisticated coping strategies, but the current velocity and magnitude of change often exceeds their adaptive capacities, resulting in socioeconomic instability, food insecurity, and debilitating anxiety. On the other hand, communities may find ways to benefit from changing temperature regimes and altered patterns of precipitation, for example, by growing different crops or varieties. In any case, local communities are more likely to overcome challenges and take advantage of opportunities if they are able to anticipate the local impacts of global change. Environmental change and variability need to be measured at the scale of community, because global and regional predictions are often unreliable and therefore irrelevant at local scales. In the absence of a dense network of climate stations and a lack of credible scientific data, the direct involvement of local communities in applied research and monitoring activities can support the co-generation of new knowledge to enhance their adaptive and anticipatory capacities. The goals of these two paper sessions, to be followed by a panel on a related topic, are: (1) to examine diverse case studies of communities anticipating and responding to environmental and climatic change: (2) to illustrate the benefits of combining scientific and Indigenous knowledge to build local capacities; and, (3) to demonstrate specific methodologies for transdisciplinary research involving local practitioners, scientists, and humanities scholars. Papers should critically examine any of the issues raised above based on empirical data, as well as address theoretical and methodological approaches. Interdisciplinary research will be given priority.
|Introduction||Cyrus Samimi University of Bayreuth||20||8:00 AM|
|Presenter||Andrei Doerre*, Freie Universitaet Berlin, Institute of Geographical Sciences, Chorshanbe Goibnazarov, University of Central Asia, Dushanbe (Tajikistan), Sustainable Hydrosocial Arrangements in the Western Pamirs, Tajikistan||20||8:20 AM|
|Presenter||Rebecca Nixon*, Purdue University, Zhao Ma, Purdue University , Adaptation and trade-offs in river based livelihoods in the Swat Valley, Pakistan||20||8:40 AM|
|Presenter||Louise Abongu*, University of Reading. School of Agriculture, Policy and Development. Earley Gate Campus, Whiteknights Road, Reading, RG6 7BE, United Kingdom, Henny Osbahr, University of Reading. School of Agriculture, Policy and Development. Earley Gate Campus, Whiteknights Road, Reading, RG6 7BE, United Kingdom, Alex Arnall, University of Reading. School of Agriculture, Policy and Development. Earley Gate Campus, Whiteknights Road, Reading, RG6 7BE, United Kingdom, Adaptation of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in Northern Cameroon||20||9:00 AM|
|Presenter||Mala Galtima*, Modibbo Adama University, Adoption of Indigenous Coping Strategies to Food Insecurity among Rural Households in the Adamawa Region, Northeastern, Nigeria||20||9:20 AM|
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