Tourism, Communities and Development I

Type: Paper
Sponsor Groups: Recreation, Tourism, and Sport Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM (MDT)
Room: Regent, Marriott, River Tower Elevators, 4th Floor
Organizers: Jarkko Saarinen, Sanjay Nepal
Chairs: Jarkko Saarinen


Tourism industry has a great potential to provide major benefits to its destination economies and local communities. Based on this potential tourism has become an important element for many governments and agencies searching for new paths for socio-economic development, especially in the peripheries where there are often only few alternatives. Recently the World Bank Group published a report titled ‘Tourism for Development: 20 Reasons Sustainable Tourism Counts for Development’, which demonstrates the developmental promise the tourism industry has in global and national policy-making arenas. However, development policies and plans do not always succeed or serve all the key stakeholders which may result negative consequences. Therefore, the economic aspects of tourism should be placed in an equation consisting of both the advantages and disadvantages of tourism development, as tourism can cause serious cultural, social and environmental change, both positive and negative. In relation to local communities and ethnic groups these changes can include land use and access issues, commodification of natural and cultural resources and marginalization of communities' needs. This is the case especially in countries and regions in the Global South, where tourism systems often are characterized by dependency, inequalities, enclavisation and leakages, and many of which are facing the challenges of unevenly growing tourism.

This session aims to discuss the relationships between tourism, communities and development. These relations are often complex, highly contextual and multi-scalar which makes them challenging to theorize, conceptualize and analyze empirically. The session welcomes theoretically informed and/or empirically driven case studies focusing on the relationships between communities and tourism in local and regional development contexts.

If you are interested in participating in the session: Please send abstract (max. 250 words) to Jarkko Saarinen ( and Sanjay Nepal ( no later than October 22, 2017. Please note that all accepted contributors will need to register for the conference and provide their PIN to the session organizers. General information about the conference:


Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Sanjay Nepal*, University of Waterloo, Erin McLean-Purdon, University of Waterloo, Can tourism mediate conflicts between wildlife conservation and local communities? Perspectives from Nepal’s Chitwan National Park. 20 8:00 AM
Presenter Minji Kim*, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Revisiting urban tourism in South Korean cities: the discrepancy between the objectives of the projects and their effects on residents 20 8:20 AM
Presenter Lei Wei*, , Between development and indigeneity: ethnic resistance in Lugu Lake, China 20 8:40 AM
Presenter Diana Burbano Noriega*, McGill University, Thom Meredith, McGill University, The Tourism Industry in the Galapagos Islands as a “Pull Factor” of Resource-based Livelihoods Diversification: A Comparative Assessment Among Three of the Populated Islands 20 9:00 AM
Presenter Thomas Meredith*, mcgill geography, Diana Burbano, McGill University, Geography Department., The paradox of tourism and biodiversity conservation: assessing the effectiveness of decision-making structures and processes that attempt to transition resource-based livelihoods to tourism. 20 9:20 AM

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