Effects of Weather and Climate on Transportation

Type: Paper
Theme: Hazards, Geography, and GIScience
Sponsor Groups: Transportation Geography Specialty Group, Climate Specialty Group, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters Specialty Group
Poster #:
Day: 4/14/2018
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Napoleon B3, Sheraton 3rd Floor
Organizers: Alan Black, Richard Medina, David Call
Chairs: Alan Black

Description

In 2010, the World Health Organization declared 2011–2020 the “Decade of Action for Road Safety” in response to the enormous toll that roadway crashes take on individuals, communities, and national economies. Over 6.2 million vehicle crashes occurred in the United States in 2015, resulting in around 2.4 million injuries and over 32,000 fatalities. Motor vehicle crashes in the U.S. in 2015 had an economic cost of $836 billion, equal to nearly 5% of the U.S. Gross Domestic Product.

This session is focused on the interaction between transportation in all forms and weather and climate. Broadly speaking, we seek to address these two research questions. First, how does inclement weather affect aviation, automobile traffic, mass transit, and other forms of transportation? And second, how might these impacts evolve, and what new impacts are anticipated as a result of climate change?

Topics for this session include:
• Assessment of vehicle safety in inclement weather.
• Examination of crash rates in different types of weather conditions
• Climate change impacts on transportation and crashes
• Weather and climate impacts on aviation
• Impacts of weather and climate on mass transportation systems
• Transportation, weather, and climate from an international perspective


Agenda

Type Details Minutes Start Time
Presenter Alan Black*, Louisiana State University, Weather-Related Vehicle Crashes under Future Climate 20 8:00 AM
Presenter David Call*, Ball State University, Alan W Black, Louisiana State University, Richard Medina, University of Utah, Causes of Weather-Related Crashes in Salt Lake County, Utah 20 8:20 AM
Presenter Connor Y.H. Wu*, Department of Population Health Sciences, Virginia Tech, Benjamin F. Zaitchik, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Samarth Swarup, Network Dynamics Simulation Science Laboratory, Biocomplexity Institute of Virginia Tech, Julia M. Gohlke, Department of Population Health Sciences, Virginia Tech, Influence of the spatial resolution of the exposure estimate in determining the association between heat waves and adverse health outcomes 20 8:40 AM
Presenter David Jaroszweski*, University of Birmingham, A blueprint for next generation weather and climate services for transport 20 9:00 AM
Presenter Hongxing Liu*, University of Cincinnati, Bo Yang, University of Cincinnati, Emily Kang, University of Cincinnati, Assessment of Heat island effect of traffic volume from space observations 20 9:20 AM

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