Making and Unmaking of Exclusionary Spaces in Indian City: A case of Banaras

Authors: BIKRAMADITYA CHOUDHARY*, Jawaharlal Nehru University
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: Excluion, inclusion, residential segregation, Banaras
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8212, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Spatial and non-spatial exclusions is a continuing phenomenon across cities. India is not an exception. Economic status, religion and caste along with linguistic identities create a complex web of excluded spaces in Indian cities. The present work is based on the ward level data collected from socio-economic and caste census, which is only one of its kind. Based on the analysis of 90 wards, the paper tries to map the segregated urban space and the possibility of interaction. The filed data was collected to incorporate mental mapping of different communities and their idea of being isolated or included in the cityscape. The performance is the third category which is included to understand exclusion and inclusion in the city. Banaras is one of the oldest living city in India and the identity of the city is not only proliferated through canonical architectures but also through the canonized marketed performance in popular media, from Television to Bollywood cinema. The dominant performance traditions such as the Ramlila of Ramnagar and the Ganga Aarti, in addition, metamorphosed the hegemonic identity of the city. However, it is impossible to eliminate what Lefebvre would say ‘spatial practices’ and ‘representational spaces’ of the city which constitute the identity of ‘Others’ in the city. The presence of others challenges the monolithic identity and is engaged in unmaking of ‘exclusionary spaces’ at least for a shorter duration. The present paper attempts to analyse gaps and tensions, contacts and separations that are responsible for making and unmaking of ‘exclusionary spaces’.

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