The biking revival under China's Transit Metropolis Initiative: the Case of Shenzhen's dockless shared bikes

Authors: Yuanjie Tu*, Peking University, Jiawen Yang, Peking University, Yuan Xu, Peking University, Yunan Lin, Peking University
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, Transportation Geography, China
Keywords: Transit metropolis initiative, Dockless shared bikes, Shenzhen, Ofo
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: 8216, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


The last mile problem has been a persistent issue for cities with a vision of transit metropolis, so are China's megacities, where city governments are fighting against vehicular traffic and improving transit riding. The recent booming of dockless shared bikes appears to create new opportunities to mitigate the last mile problem and strengthen China's transit metropolis initiative. But signs of ill management co-exist. This paper introduces Shenzhen as the study case. It uses bike usage record of Ofo, one of the largest dockless shared bike companies in China. The cycling characteristics are analyzed in the context of Shenzhen's transit metropolis initiative. We find a strong reciprocal relationship between Shenzhen's metro system and Ofo bike usage. The spatial distribution of Ofo bikes has a strong station orientation, and the bikes have greatly enlarged the catchment areas of metro stations. The operational efficiency of both the bike system and the metro system can be further improved if the management of public-shared bikes can be augmented with a close collaboration between the city government and biking enterprise.

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