Authors: Eva Heinen, Institute of Transportation Studies, University of Leeds, Ralph Buehler*, Virginia Tech
Topics: Transportation Geography, Urban and Regional Planning
Keywords: bicycling, bicycle parking, levels of cycling, literature
Session Type: Paper
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Capitol Room, Omni, East
Presentation File: No File Uploaded
During the last decades local and national governments have increasingly encouraged cycling through various initiatives and greater investments in bicycle infrastructure. While the number of bicycling-related peer-reviewed publications has soared over the past decade, most studies ignore bicycle parking. This is remarkable, given that bicycles are parked the majority of the time. For example, in Germany and the USA cyclists report riding for about 40 minutes a day—leaving more than 23 hours of stationary time for their bicycle per day. Bicycles of infrequent cyclist are parked for even longer periods of time.
This presentation reviews the scientific literature on bicycle parking and identifies existing gaps in research and knowledge. The review analyses 94 peer-reviewed papers identified through a search in Scopus and Web of Science, in December 2017.
The annual number of papers increased 15-fold between 1995 and 2017. Overall, the level of evidence on the importance of bicycle parking is limited. The majority of studies are based on cross-sectional data. Most studies focus on bicycle parking at public transport stops and at work places. Few studies focused on bicycle parking throughout cities, and hardly any on residential locations. Bicycle parking supply appears to be a determinant of cycling for current and potential cyclists.
Our findings can serve as input for an evidence-based debate on the role of bicycle parking. For practitioners, our research supports investment in bicycle parking, but acknowledges that a proper evaluation of such initiatives needs to be conducted to increase the level of evidence.