Mapping Transport Accessibility in the Areas of Oil and Gas Extraction in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the North Irkutsk region

Authors: Victor Bogdanov*, V.B. Sochava Institute of Geogaphy SB RAS, Gerelma Dugarova, V.B. Sochava Institute of Geogaphy SB RAS
Topics: Polar Regions
Keywords: transport accessibility, pipeline service road, ESPO, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 9:55 AM / 11:35 AM
Room: President's Boardroom, Omni, East
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Development of the oil and gas industry in the remote regions leads to significant changes in local infrastructure. The pipeline service road along the main ESPO oil pipeline in the south Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and the north of Irkutsk region, was the first opportunity of year-round ground transportation in the areas previously accessible only by seasonal roads. Although there are serious restrictions on the passage through this service road, the owner company allows its usage on preliminary requests to municipal and federal agencies and the local population without payment, as well as for transportation of commercial cargo with payment and compliance with restrictions.
In this presentation, we reflect on the change in transport accessibility after construction of the Eastern Siberia-Pacific Ocean (ESPO) pipeline and service road and related changes in the socio-economic development of the broader region.
We calculate transport accessibility using the method of constructing isochrones equal time lines for overcoming space relative to given points, based on OpenStreetMap data using open GIS "GRASS GIS" - as well key cartographic materials directly associated with ESPO.
Accessibility is calculated from all settlements to municipal areas centers and to key transport hubs outside of the areas. As a result, we obtained transport access maps both with regard to roads of limited use, and without them.
The materials of this study can be useful in calculating the time costs for traveling on these roads with the availability of permits and determining priority areas for the construction of new roads.

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