Confederate Immigration to Brazil after the U.S. Civil War

Authors: Alan P. Marcus*, Towson University
Topics: Ethnic Geography, Latin America, Cultural Geography
Keywords: Brazil, immigration, U.S. South, Confederates, Confederados, Transnationalism
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: 8226, Park Tower Suites, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Here I examine the emigration of one of the largest organized exodus movements in U.S. history, an estimated 10,000 Confederates who left the U.S. South after the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865). The majority of U.S. Southerners who left, went to Brazil – known in Brazil as the confederados (Portuguese for “Confederates”). This exodus was precipitated by various “push/pull” factors and by the maneuvering of various leaders, figures, networks, communities, and institutions as much as it was prompted by the agro-economic interests of immigrants, and by commercial circumstances in both the United States and Brazil – which altogether evolved into forging a central fulcrum for U.S. Southern mobility to, and within Brazil.

Abstract Information

This abstract is already part of a session. View the session here.

To access contact information login