An Empirical Assessment of efficacy of crowd-sourced data and participatory Geoweb in enhancing participation in governance for resiliency

Authors: Barnali Dixon*, University Of South Florida, Rebecca Johns, USF, Amada Fernandez, USF
Topics: Geographic Information Science and Systems, Hazards and Vulnerability, Hazards, Risks, and Disasters
Keywords: flooding, Participatory geoweb, Resilincy, Socio-economic vulnerability
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Forum Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

It is stated in the literature that while crowd-sourced data and participatory Geoweb has the potential to increase public participation in the governance, there are concerns about ‘tyranny of individuals’ and impacts of digital divides.
Study was conducted in four neighborhoods in Pinellas County, two of them are biophysically but not socio-economically vulnerable (SA and GPP) while two neighborhoods are socio-economically vulnerable but not biophysically (MCP and W-EL). It was hypothesized that there will be some generalized needs/problems experienced by all study communities, and there will be some unique problems that are specific to individual communities based on their socio-economic and biophysical vulnerabilities. Data mined from SeeCliclFix, a participatory Geoweb application, can help us understand community needs, and their participation.
Initial results show that during study period (2013 -2017), socio-economically marginalized communities were early adopter of the SeeClickFIx to report complaints. MCP, the most marginalized community, showed highest reporting trends during the study period. Analysis of crowd-sourced data shows its potential to i) create increase participation in governance even in marginalized communities where the digital divide still exists, iii) it helps us understand what are the critical needs and problems that are common or unique in the study neighborhoods based on their socio-economic and biophysical vulnerabilities, and iii) crowd-sourced data viz. mining of spatial and attribute information from SeclickFix that reflect local knowledge and experience can enhance participation in the governance, foster 2-way communication between the community and decision makers for effective resource allocations. It also shows recurring problem areas.

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