Educational institutions as a resource for urbanization of indigenous people: case of Yakutsk

Authors: Vera Kuklina*, Institute of Geography SB RAS, Uliana Vinokurova, Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts
Topics: Urban Geography, Indigenous Peoples, Polar Regions
Keywords: higher education, indigenous peoples, Sakha, students, urbanization, Yakutsk
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 1:10 PM / 2:50 PM
Room: President's Boardroom, Omni, East
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

While usually indigenous cultures are considered in relation with traditional subsistence activities and rural style of life, their growing urbanization brings new challenges and opportunities. From one side, city, especially if it is a capital of the region, serves as an information hub that is multiplied by the individuals obtaining professional education, and as a center for those, who utilize its services, products and administrative resources. From another side, university, as well as the whole system of formal education serves both as a product of western civilization and the instrument of its expansion. The article is aimed to explore the role of the institutes of higher education for the individual strategies of young people to preserve and promote their indigenous cultures in an Arctic city on example of Yakutsk. Materials for analysis were obtained in 2018 from the statistical data, and data from the Institute of Languages and Cultures of Indigenous Peoples of the North-East of Russia (IYaKN) of the Northern-Eastern Federal University and the Arctic State Institute of Culture and Arts (AGIKI): the annual reports, focus groups, interviews and participant observations. The authors argue that the students and graduates contribute to creation of a new image of the city, where indigenous cultures can find their own niche.

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