Urban inequality in China: spatial mismatch problem in Shanghai

Authors: Weiye Xiao*, University of Utah, Yehua Dennis Wei, University of Utah, Han Li, University of Miami
Topics: Urban and Regional Planning, China
Keywords: Urbanization; Jobs-housing imbalance; Spatial mismatch; Shanghai
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 8:00 AM / 9:40 AM
Room: Senate Room, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Shanghai has experienced a rapid process of urbanization and urban expansion, which increases travel cost and acts as a barrier to job accessibility for economically disadvantaged population. This paper aims to investigate the jobs-housing imbalance problem in Shanghai at town-level. We have the following findings: First, jobs-housing imbalance concentrates in the suburban area and the periphery of the expanded urban area in Shanghai. Second, high housing prices and the sprawling development contribute to jobs-housing imbalance. In the region with high job density, subdistrict with greater growth of floating population tends to have less jobs-housing imbalance. Third, jobs-housing imbalance is more severe in development zones due to substantial job opportunities but limited residential sites. Last, the result of geographically weighted regression reveals the uniqueness of old Pudong district where a relatively balanced jobs-housing distribution can be found in development zones.

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