Changes in Environmental Profiles of Cancer Villages: A Case Study of Aizheng Cun in China

Authors: Xin Hong*, Kent State University, Jay Lee, Kent State University
Topics: Environment, Land Use and Land Cover Change, Medical and Health Geography
Keywords: Remote Sensing, Cancer Villages, Land Use and Land Cover, Geographic Information Systems, Water Pollution
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Marshall South, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Cancer villages are a new post-economic reform phenomenon in China. They have been a focal point for researchers to examine health problems due to the deteriorated environmental conditions in rural areas of China. This paper investigated the degree to which the changes in land use and land cover (LULC) degraded the water quality in a rural area, which in turn may have led to potential health problems of the residents. To address the goal of the investigation, this paper utilized satellite images snapshotted from Landsat 5 Thematic Mappper (TM) and Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) in September of 1987 and 2017. Analysis of changes in LULC and in the vegetation concentrations in water bodies in Shenqiu County over the past 30 years were performed. The study finds that most of rural residence have been lost to the built environment and farmlands between 1987 and 2017. In the meantime, vegetative materials in the water have seen increases, especially in the water bodies which are adjacent to industrial sites and farmlands.

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