Masculine dictatorship. A spatial and gender analysis of the fascist repression in Italy, 1922-1928

Authors: Antonio Barocci*, University of Connecticut
Topics: Political Geography, Historical Geography, Gender
Keywords: Political Geography, European Study, Gender, Women, Italian fascism, Historical GIS, Carceral Geography
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/5/2019
Start / End Time: 5:00 PM / 6:40 PM
Room: Delaware A, Marriott, Lobby Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

The control and submission of the women were an essential aspect to impose a fascist dictatorship in Italy.
In 1925-26-27, while the Italian fascist party established an authoritarian State it was also acted a politic to suppress all the feminist achievements, and it materialized the supremacy of the man over the women. The fascist regime applied a sophisticated political gender suppression. I analyze information about where women were arrested, when they were arrested, pre-trialed period, and surveilled after serving the sentence. I use GIS for statistics, and for geographical visualization of quantitative data. In this way, I show the process of marginalizing, control and submission of the women that happened in the same period when Benito Mussolini created the authoritarian State.
Mussolini created the “factory of consensus” thank the propaganda, at the same time he created a State of suppression and surveillance thank the Special Tribunal for the defense of the State and the political police. These two faces of Fascism were a perfect mechanism of conservative power and patriarchy, beyond to be the two pillars of his personal masculine power.

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