Unmanned Aircraft Systems Applications for Governance of the National Maritime Jurisdiction in Developing Coastal Countries

Authors: Thomas Morelli*, Thomas D. Morelli LLC
Topics: Remote Sensing, Coastal and Marine, Development
Keywords: Unmanned Aircraft Systems, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Maritime Domain Awareness, Ungoverned Marine Region, Risk Management
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/4/2019
Start / End Time: 3:05 PM / 4:45 PM
Room: Harding, Marriott, Mezzanine Level
Presentation File: No File Uploaded

Paper outlines a technical architecture of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and component aerial vehicles integrated with landside installations including operations center functions as sustainable means of maritime domain awareness for developing coastal countries (DCC) to govern their national maritime jurisdiction (NMJ). UAS issues of flight endurance, sensor payload effectiveness, and timely accurate cueing integrated with patrol boat operations are surveyed, including specific applications to situational awareness of marine fisheries, pollution monitoring, and offshore industrial facilities. The NMJ is construed as a marine region encompassing a country’s territorial waters including littoral, inshore, and offshore to the boundary of its exclusive economic zone. The country’s offshore jurisdiction is delineated by international law, and inshore by spatial and functional processes of marine related phenomena. NMJ governance depends on effective capacity of administrative structures and functions to sustainably control, secure, develop, and manage the NMJ. Limited administrative resources of DCC for adequate maritime domain awareness impede achieving effective governance of the NMJ. The resulting areas of ungoverned marine region put at risk the legitimacy of its governance and thereby NMJ sovereignty itself. This problem is particularly acute for those DCC which are also small-island developing States. UAS capacity could enable DCC with cost-effective maritime domain awareness enabling significant improvements in risk management of the ocean, littoral, port/harbor and inshore waterway areas of the NMJ. Conclusions recognize UAS capacity for improved NMJ governance enabling intrinsic outcomes of political and economic stability, civil society security, and stewardship of the marine environment.

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