Literature review and geospatial analysis of essential services leading to social exclusion of vulnerable groups

Authors: Liam Fassam*, Institute of Logistics, Infrastructure, Supply & Transportation
Topics: Transportation Geography
Keywords: Transport, Elderly, Social isolation
Session Type: Paper
Day: 4/7/2019
Start / End Time: 2:00 PM / 3:40 PM
Room: Palladian, Omni, West
Presentation File: No File Uploaded


Background There remains a lack of research exploring the effects of social exclusion and the perceived overall cost of transportation service delivery. This research examines literature on rural transport and social exclusion, alongside a cluster analysis of accessibility to essential services. Methods This research takes a two-stage approach, firstly conducting a systematic literature review of qualitative and quantitative peer reviewed articles, analysed under the themes of ‘accessibility’, ‘rurality’, ‘social exclusion’ and ‘vulnerability’. Second stage case study; empirical data undertaking a geospatial cluster analysis of accessibility to essential services (defined as Doctors surgeries and general stores). This enabled data by demographic to be mapped alongside current accessibility to services and transportation identifying the true extent of mobility accessibility. Additionally, the research team mapped a proposed reduction in public transport services against an austerity plan to identify the theoretical effect of transportation reduction on the vulnerable persons, highlighting the potential manifestations of social exclusion. Results Results from the literature review identified that vulnerable groups face significant challenges in rural transportation in order to access essential services such as Doctors surgeries, Education or shops. This presents a physical and mental health disadvantage, particularly for those who live alone. Secondly, geospatial cluster analysis identified how a decrease in transportation service due to austerity has a net effect of increasing social exclusion and associated health effects. This in turn, when correlated to the literature on vulnerable people and social exclusion, generated a theoretical representation of long term health care cost increases against short term savings

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